AVKO Note: If you have taught
your children manuscript printing using,
Grade 1 National
With additions and
comments by Don McCabe Director of the AVKO Educational
Research Foundation. We hope his comments and
additions may prove helpful to those teachers who
believe that it is more economical to teach decoding
using onsets & rimes than to just teach single words by
sight or by phonic rules without a lot of examples.
The 340 reading vocabulary words in
this 1st Grade list have been carefully selected as
words which students need to master by the end of Grade
1. Students who achieve this goal will be reading
slightly above grade level and typically score in the
top 25% on national reading tests (such as the Stanford
Achievement Test – SAT).
340 words introduced in the 1st Grade List
are arranged as follows:
1st nine weeks - 70 words With AVKO additions 333
2nd nine weeks - 90 words With AVKO additions 438
3rd nine weeks - 90 words
4th nine weeks - 90 words
TOTAL = 340 words in 36 weeks
AVKO's Total = 771 words in 18 weeks!
The first nine weeks begins with a
two week review of all consonant sounds which should
have been memorized during Kindergarten. It is extremely
important that all students have completely memorized
the consonant sounds before beginning the vocabulary
words. This insures students have the "foundation
skills" necessary for efficient learning of the Grade 1
This is intended for classrooms of 20 to 30 students.
As you know your child, the review may not even take a
day. Even if your child doesn't know all the
consonant sounds, you can make notes of which you will
need to make sure he learns.
words used in our Grade 1 Vocabulary List have been
carefully selected as the high frequency words typically
used in 1st Grade reading books and Grade 1 standardized
tests. When you begin the support materials in our
TampaRead’s Grade 1 Program (which parallel these
vocabulary words), it is essential for your students to
have mastered the consonant sounds for letters – b – c –
d – f – g – h – j – k – l – m – n – p – q – r – s – t –
v – w – x – y – z. We stress again
that failure to memorize these sounds will result in
students learning at a much slower rate.
vocabulary words are arranged from the "most common" in
the beginning weeks to the "lesser common" words toward
the end of the year. This provides you the most logical
and efficient order for instruction throughout the year.
To further increase memorization efficiency we have
organized words into similar vowel sound and
reading-rule categories. This strategy alone
dramatically increases the rate in which a student
learns new words by providing an “easy to remember”
common sound or rule to use while decoding the words.
working with hundreds of students over the past 15
years, we have confirmed that students who can read
these 340 words by the end of their Grade 1 year will be
reading at approximately a 2.0 Grade Level and typically
score in the top 25% on First Grade standardized tests
(i.e. S.A.T.). If you would like to view the
vocabulary building worksheets and additional materials
we’ve developed to assist in memorization of these Grade
1 reading words– please view our Grade 1 Reading Package
if you are not currently a TampaReads/ReadingKey member.
Richard Pressinger (M.Ed.) Reading
“Difficult” Vocabulary Words
last word in each daily list is what we call our “Word
of the Day.” It has been printed in
red to make it
“stand out” from the other phonics based reading words.
The “Word of the Day” is far more difficult to learn
than the other words in the column. This
difficulty occurs because it is either visually similar
to other words (i.e. went – want) or is not consistent
with typical phonics rules (i.e. does-duz – what-wut).
The “Word of the Day” must be given much more practice
to insure its memorization.